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Demography

Historical Growth of Population/Population Trend

The total population of Naga City as of August 1, 2007 was 160,516 persons, higher by 22,706 persons over the 2000 Census of Population results.

This translated to an average annual population growth rate of 2.35%, 0.70 percentage higher than that of the 1995 to 2000 period. If said rate continues over the years, the population is expected to reach the 200,000 mark in 2017 and double in 24 years.

The city’s historical population growth based from the data of the National Statistics Office (NSO) starting from the year 1903 up to 2007 conducted for the twelve (12) various census years showed that the biggest growth rate occurred between 1939 to 1948 which posted a 10.71 rate while the lowest was recorded in the period 1903 to 1918 which had a negative rate of 4.22 percent.


Population Density

According to the National Statistics Office classification, Naga City is 100 percent urban. Thus, Naga City has a population density at present of 19 people per hectare.

Of the 27 barangays of the city, the four (4) most populated barangays are: Concepcion Pequeña with a population of 20,555 followed by San Felipe with 13,238, Concepcion Grande with 10,725 and Calauag with 10,529. Dinaga had the smallest at 371 persons.

Age and Sex Structure

In 2007, there were 77,983 males and 81,247 females. These resulted to a sex ratio of 104 females for every 100 males. In 2000, the sex ratio was at 103 females per 100 males.

As to the Age Structure, the city has a very young population. More than 55.39 percent of its people are under 24 years old. This is a healthy indicator of more productive generations to follow.

Age Dependency Ratio

Broken down into three broad age groups, the population of less than 15 years old constitute 34.48 percent; the productive age group or working age group 15 to 64 years old, 61.36 percent; while the elderly or the 65 years old and over, 4.15 percent. This places the dependency ratio (the number of dependents 0-14 years and 65 years and over in the productive age group 15-64 years) at 38.63 percent.

Migration

Internal. In 1990, 38.61 percent of the population of Naga City were considered migrants. In the 2000 Census, however, only 6.67 percent of the city’s household population aged five years old and over are deemed migrants: 93.33 percent remained in the city where they were five years ago, 2.08 percent moved in from other cities/municipalities of Camarines Sur, 1.77 percent from other provinces, and 0.22 percent from other countries.

In the 2007 Baseline Socio-Economic Study of ASSRC, results showed that 43% of Naga residents are born here, 38% are from Camarines Sur and 20% from outside the province and the region. Average length of stay in Naga is 28 years.

International Migration. According to OWWA data secured by Metro Peso, there were around 2,588 overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) who are from Naga in 2008; taking possibilities of double entries, we estimate them to account for 8.5% of the city household population.

This higher than the 2009 NSO data placing the share of Bikolano OFWs to the Philippine total at only around 3%.

The figure, however, is closer to results of the 2007 ASSRC survey which says 11% of the city’s household population relies on “remittances, pensions, retirement” as source of income.

Marital Status

Married persons accounted for 44.65 percent of the total population while the never-married or single persons constituted 45.30 percent. The rest, such as widowed, divorced/separated, common-law/live-in and others constitute 10.05 percent.

Mother Tongue

Bikol is still the most common and predominant language/dialect used in the households. However, certain ethnic groups when among themselves speak their respective dialects and/or languages, such as Tagalog, Ilokano, Waray and Chinese.

Religious Affiliation

Roman Catholics constitute the biggest single group within the city registering 94.48.29 percent, Iglesia ni Kristo comes second but to a very much lesser extent at 1.25 percent followed by the Evangelicals with 1.08%.. Other religious affiliations include the Seventh Day Adventist, Jehovah’s Witnesses, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Born Again Christians, Mormons, Aglipay, Islam and other religious sects constituting 3.18 percent.

Literacy Rate

In 2000, the literacy rate of the household population ten years old and over was registered at 96.55 percent.

Labor Force

As of 2007, the total labor force (15 years old and over) in Naga City was 95,717 or about 60 percent of the total population. Of the total labor force, about 57 percent or 54,194 are considered economically-active.

The unemployed labor force was registered at 3,116 persons or about 5.75 percent of the economically-active population.

The non-economically-active population of the labor force which consists of full-time students, housewives, retirees, and other similarly situated people, has a total of 41,523 people or 43 percent of the total labor force.

Projected Labor Force

By year 2017, Naga City would have a projected labor force of 63,830 out of the estimated 112,736 in the active group (between 15-60 years old). Of these, 60,160 will be employed while some 3,670 will be unemployed.

TABLE 2.1 Historical Growth of Population, 1903-2007

YEAR
POPULATION
GROWTH RATE
1903
1918
1939
1948
1960
1970
1975
1980
1990
1995
2000
2007
17,943
9,396
22,505
56,238
55,506
79,846
83,337
90,712
115,329
126,972
137,810
160,516
-
(4.22%)
4.25%
10.71%
(0.11%)
3.70%
0.86%
1.71%
2.43%
1.94%
1.65%
2.35%

TABLE 2.2 Population, Population Density, Number of Households and
Average Family Size by Barangay, 2000

Barangay
Area (sq.km.)
Population
Density (Person/ha.)
1. Abella 24.50
5,150
210
2. Bagumbayan Norte 26.19
2,193
84
3. Bagumbayan Sur 62.52
5,265
84
4. Balatas 201.91
6,964
34
5. Calauag 54.91
10,529
192
6. Cararaya 1,011.23
9,108
9
7. Carolina 1,777.45
3,347
2
8. Concepcion Grande 337.92
10,725
32
9. Concepcion Pequeña 381.00
20,555
54
10. Dayangdang 33.79
4,026
119
11. Del Rosario 221.33
7,046
32
12. Dinaga 8.45
371
44
13. Igualdad 9.29
3,345
360
14. Lerma 5.07
2,150
424
15. Liboton 27.88
3,119
112
16. Mabolo 116.58
6,529
56
17. Pacol 1,305.22
7,996
6
18. Panicuason 1,469.95
2,246
2
19. Peñafrancia 41.40
5,563
134
20. Sabang 45.62
5,953
130
21. San Felipe 577.84
13,238
23
22. San Francisco 11.83
953
81
23. San Isidro 272.87
2,053
8
24. Sta. Cruz 71.81
6,879
96
25. Tabuco 156.29
4,034
26
26. Tinago 40.55
3,521
87
27. Triangulo 154.60
7,658
50
TOTAL 8,448.00
160,516
19

TABLE 2.3 Project Yearly Population

Yearly Population
Year
2.35%
(2007 Growth Rate)
1.65%
(Low Scenario)
2.04%
(Median Scenario)
2.43%
(High Scenario)
2007 160,516 160,516 160,516 160,516
2008 164,288 163,165 163,791 164,417
2009 168,149 165,857 167,132 168,412
2010 172,100 168,593 170,541 172,504
2011 176,145 171,375 174,020 176,696
2012 180,284 174,203 177,570 180,990
2013 184,521 177,077 181,193 185,388
2014 188,857 179,999 184,889 189,893
2015 193,295 182,969 188,661 194,507
2016 197,838 185,988 192,510 199,234
2017 202,487 189,057 196,437 204,075
2018 212,116 195,347 204,533 214,114
2019 222,202 201,847 212,963 224,646
2020 232,768 208,563 221,741 235,696
2021 243,837 215,502 230,880 247,291
2022 255,432 222,672 240,396 259,455
2023 267,578 230,081 250,304 272,218
2024 280,302 237,736 260,621 285,608
2025 293,631 245,646 271,363 299,657
2026 307,594 253,820 282,547 314,398
2027 322,221 262,265 294,193 329,863
2028 345,476 275,462 312,567 354,499
2029 370,408 289,324 332,089 380,975
2030 397,141 303,883 352,830 409,428

TABLE 2.4 Household Population by Age-Group, Sex, 2000

Male
Female
Both Sexes
%
All Ages 7,793 81,247 159,230 100.00%
Under 1 1,834 1,678 3,512 2.21%
1 – 4 7,389 7,060 14,449 9.07%
5 – 9 9,721 9,158 18,879 11.86%
10 – 14 9,126 8,943 18,069 11.35%
15 – 19 8,736 9,621 18,357 11.53%
20 – 24 7,458 7,468 12,754 8.01%
25 – 29 6,266 6,488 10,664 6.70%
30 – 34 5,187 5,477 9,796 6.15%
35 – 39 4,783 5,013 8,666 5.44%
40 – 44 4,195 4,471 7,916 4.97%
45 – 49 3,825 4,091 6,429 4.04%
50 – 54 3,125 3,304 4,849 3.05%
55 – 59 2,304 2,545 3,348 2.10%
60 – 64 1,476 1,872 2,548 1.60%
65 – 69 1,068 1,480 1,743 1.09%
70 – 74 688 1,055 1,212 0.76%
75 – 79 436 776 1,212 0.76%
80 & Over 366 747 747 0.70%
0 – 17 33,502 32,693 66,195 41.57%
18 & Over 4,481 48,554 93,035 58.43%

TABLE 2.5 Population 5 Years Old and Over by Present Residence, Sex, Place of Residence 5 Years Ago, 2000

Place of Residence 5 years Ago


Same City/Mun. Other City/Mun. Same Prov. Other Prov. Foriegn Country Unknown
Both Sexes 119,653 111,677 2,486 2,118 259 3,113
Male 58,652 55,107 901 977 131 1,536
Female 61,001 56,570 1,585 1,141 128 1,577

TABLE 2.6 HOUSEHOLD POPULATION 15 YEARS LD AND OVER BY EMPLOYMENT STATUS
(LABOR FORCE), 2007-2017

YEAR
TOTAL
HOUSEHOLD
POPULATION
HOUSEHOLD
POPULATION
15 YRS & OVER
IN THE
LABOR
FORCE
EMPLOYED
UNEMPLOYED
NOT IN THE
LABOR
FORCE
2007 160,516 95,717 54,194 51,078 3,116 41,523
2008 164,288 97,296 55,088 51,921 3,167 42,208
2009 168,149 98,901 55,997 52,778 3,219 42,904
2010 172,100 100,533 56,921 53,649 3,273 43,612
2011 176,145 102,192 57,860 54,534 3,327 44,332
2012 180,284 103,878 58,815 55,434 3,381 45,063
2013 184,521 105,592 59,786 56,348 3,437 45,807
2014 188,857 107,335 60,772 57,278 3,494 46,563
2015 193,295 109,106 61,775 58,223 3,552 47,331
2016 197,838 110,906 62,794 59,184 3,610 48,112
2017 202,487 112,736 63,830 60,160 3,670 48,906

TABLE 2.7 HOUSEHOLD POPULATION BY RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION AND SEX, 2000

RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION Both Sexes Male Female

Total

136,900 67,528 69,372
Roman Catholic 129,345 63,884 65,461
Aglipayan 92 38 54
Islam 287 147 140
Iglesia ni Cristo 1,711 854 857
United Church of Christ in the Philippines 164 77 87
Lutheran Church in the Philippines 20 12 8
Philippine Episcopal Church 5 2 3
Iglesia Evangelista Methodista en las Filipinas 48 21 27
United Methodist Church 62 31 31
Other Methodist 11 4 7
Salvation Army, Philippines 0 0 0
Convention of the Philippine Baptist Church 86 42 44
Other Protestant 373 182 191
Buddhist 413 184 229
Chruch of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints 210 96 114
Jehovah’s Witness 321 157 164
Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association 43 17 26
Seventh Day Adventist 575 275 300
Evangelicals 1,484 688 796
Bible Baptist 214 105 109
Southern Baptist 34 18 16
Association of Baptist Churches in Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao 8 2 6
Association of Fundamental Baptist Church in the Philippines 37 15 22
International Baptist Missionary Fellowship 1 0 1
Missionary Baptist Churches in the Philippines 24 14 10
Other Baptist 25 13 12
Tribal Religions 5 2 3
Others 1,045 511 534
None 34 16 18
Unknown 223 121 102

Table 2.8 MARITAL STATUS OF TOTAL POPULATION TEN YEARS OLD AND ABOVE, 2000

Total Population 10 Years Old and Over

Single Married Widowed Divorced/ Separated Common Law/ Live-In Unknown

104,266

47,234 46,554 4,668 942 3,902 966