G-Watch (Naga City)


A joint citizen-government monitoring program on the education of Naga

In 2010, the Ateneo School of Government (ASoG) which handles a program called Government-watch (G-Watch) decided to implement a monitoring project in partnership with the City of Naga, which seeks to localize the G-watch Social Accountability (SAc) approach to the local government unit (LGU) and its partner civil society organization s (CSOs) by implementing a joint government-citizen monitoring initiative.

In order to design the monitoring initiative, ASoG conducted preparatory activities to identify critical services, good governance capacity and standards processes used in a selected service. The activities were conducted from July to December 2010, and involve the use of research methodologist and establishing networks between the LGU and CSOs. These activities include the rapid field assessment (RFA), rapid capacity assessment (RCA), and standards mapping. The RFA was conducted to determine the most critical service of the LGU to its constituencies. In its findings, G-Watch found the following:

  • Naga City is a first class city known as the “Heart of Bicol” and celebrated as one of the most progressive City in the Philippines.
  • Apart from being renowned for having innovative good governance practices, Naga is also known as the center of education in the Bicol Region.
  • However, even with the practice of good governance and high education investment, Naga educational performance has been stagnant and still far of from 75% minimum MPS to be considered passing:
    • From 2009, National Achievement Test scores were at Between 50-55% for elementary, 45-49% for high school while
    • Survival Rate is still far from the 2015 target at 70-78% from 2007-09

Using the result of the RFA, the RCA was conducted to determine the level of capacity of the LGU and its CSOs in terms of good governance indicators, which include accountability, transparency, participation, compliance, and performance. It also sought to determine the level of LGU-CSO engagements. Using various methods to ascertain these indicators, the RCA found out the following:

  • The government and the civil society in Naga already have a long history of collaboration and constructive engagement. It is thus very promising to introduce a joint monitoring initiative such as Government Watch initiative in the city and see how it can deepen the level of accountability in the city.
  • Education is of high priority as the city government continually strives for higher education outcomes. It is however hard to measure the impact of government initiatives on the quality of education. This is especially true because the accountability on education is shared by the department of education and the city government. Thus, it remains a challenge to clearly identify lines of convergence and divergence and the functions and thus the accountabilities of the two government agencies.
  • There are already existing transparency and accountability mechanisms that may be used both by civil society and ordinary citizens alike. Nonetheless, systematic feedback mechanism for beneficiaries and community based organizations is still lacking. In the education sector, school-level monitoring is seen as crucial in ensuring that beneficiaries themselves can check the quality of services that both the LGU and the Deped is providing them.
  • A G-Watch monitoring initiative in the education sector further proves promising in mobilizing youth and women in the city.
  • It is imperative to enjoin the support of the department of Education – Division of Naga City, as the education program is both an accountability of the department of education as well as the Local Government Unit.

EDUKASYON sa NAGA, SALMINGAN Ta! is the joint monitoring initiative developed by ASoG in partnership with the Local Government, the Department of Education – Division of Naga City. Its goal is to ensure that the right type, quantity and quality of education programs and related services are provided to school communities following standard processes that ensure effective and efficient service delivery.

The main activity of Edukasyon sa Naga, Salmingan Ta! is the actual monitoring itself which looks at actual delivery of the services. To do this, a monitoring team shall be organized and shall be composed mainly of community based monitor selected from the existing CSOs in the school community such as Parent-Teacher Association representatives, and the youth/students who themselves are main beneficiaries of the program. Complementing the community based monitors are representatives from the LGU and the project core team who shall both be part of the monitoring group per community and oversee and act as intermediaries between the monitors and the LGU.


Edukasyon sa Naga, Salmingan Ta! seeks to ensure that the right quantity and quality of services and goods is provided to the right schools by utilizing G-Watch Methodologies in strengthening accountability of stakeholders, increasing participation of beneficiaries, and promoting efficient allocation of scarce resources.

More over it hopes to:

  • žPilot-test an easy to use monitoring tool for Naga City’s Education Program and selected related services through joint citizen-LGU engagement
  • žCapacitate community based monitors in using the monitoring tool through a briefing orientation
  • žJointly identify issues and problems from the monitoring report in the effort to better improve the delivery of Naga’s education Program and Services
  • žAgree on proposed solutions and actions in addressing identified issues and problems
  • žUse monitoring results and recommendations thereafter to inform the programs and project plans for next year.

The immediate outputs of the initiatives are to provide the following:

  • Quick response feed-backing system
  • Better coordination of stakeholders
  • Clarified accountabilities of both LGU and Deped

Scope and Scale:

The monitoring initiative shall focus on the basic service given under the education program of the city. In particular, it shall check and ensure that standard processes, quality, quantity, and time are compiled with in the following programs and services of both the department of education and local government of Naga:

  • žTeacher Provision
  • School building/Instructional Room Provision
  • School Furniture (School chairs/seats)
  • Textbooks and supplementary Materials
  • Student Welfare Services

The monitoring project will cover all the 37 public schools in Naga City which includes a total of 29 public elementary schools and 8public secondary schools.

Edukasyon sa Naga, Salmingan Ta! will be implemented for a period of three months. Ensuring that the monitoring activities are implemented on time, community based monitors shall be closely coordinated with the project core team through the local coordinator.

For more details, view/download G-Watch brochure

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download G-Watch School-Level Monitoring Tool Form [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ]