The city’s environment program focuses on three major concerns namely, solid waste management, water/river quality and air quality. Rapid urbanization, high population growth rate fueled by in-migration and increasing investments brought drastic changes in the city’s financial and physical landscape.
SOLID WASTE. The main pollutants in the city come in the form of solid waste generated daily. Generally, these wastes come from various sources: residential, commercial, industrial and institutional.
Naga City generates approximately 85.8 tons of waste per year, based on the latest 2009 estimates, where agricultural waste makes up a little more than one-fourth (26%) of the total volume. Food wastes make up a slightly smaller share at 23%. Paper- based materials compose 12%, while the other material categories are spread out in smaller percentages.
Solid wastes are disposed of and collected via the city’s garbage trucks which traverses ten routes on a daily basis. Collected wastes are then dumped at the Balatas Controlled Dump site where they are segregated according to type of wastes biodegradable and non-biodegradable.
Sources of Solid Waste by Industry Classification
|Coconut Oil Mill||√||√|
|Furniture Shops / Upholstery||√||√|
|Hollow Blocks Manufacturing||√||√|
|Ice Cream Manufacturing||√||√|
|Ice Cubes Manufacturing||√|
|Jeep Body Building||√||√|
|Pancit Miki Bijon Manufacturing||√|
|Shoes Bags Manufacturing||√|
|Soft Drinks Bottling||√||√|
|Tire Retreading Recapping||√||√|
|Welding & Iron Works||√||√|
Source: CPDO, 2008
Legend: HP – Highly Pollutive P – Pollutive NH – Non-Hazardous
H – Hazardous NP – Non-Pollutive
LIQUID WASTE. Studies reveal that liquid waste is becoming a major concern for the city.
A study on wastewater treatment facility is incorporated in the proposed septage management ordinance where the city will be very strict in the compliance of proper waste treatment by housing and establishment owners. The Local Water Utilities Agency has identified the Metro Naga Water District as its local partner in providing septage services, in exchange for the collection of environmental fees in water bills.
The new wastewater treatment facility of SM City Naga, operational since April 20, 2009, has a capacity of 500 cu. meters per day but at present it is treating only around 200.
Waste disposal by industrial establishments
|Classification||No.||Methods of Waste Disposal||Disposal Site|
|Coconut Oil Mill||1||Solid wastes picked –up by city garbage trucks||Balatas Controlled Dumpsite|
|Furniture Shops / Upholstery||7|
|Hollow Blocks Manufacturing||5|
|Ice Cream Manufacture||10|
|Jeep Body Building||-|
|Pancit Miki Bijon Manufacturing||-|
|Shoes Bags Manufacturing||1|
|Tire Retreading / recapping||13|
|Welding & Iron Works||3|
|Softdrinks Bottling||2||a) Waste water to treatment plant
b) Solid Waste picked –up by city garbage tru
Source: City Treasuer’s Office, 2010
INDUSTRIAL WASTE. Industrial wastes are disposed of through water treatment plants available in the perimeter of industrial companies. These are in accordance with the Environmental Compliance Standards of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
Local industrial solid waste sources classified according to the type of wastes they generate which need disposal and treatment in a refining facility or waste water treatment plant is still insignificant in Naga. Most waste generated are disposed through an open dumpsite or sanitary landfill.
TOXIC AND HAZARDOUS WASTE. Hazardous wastes comprise 0.06% of the total volume of solid waste generated in the city. Hospital wastes are properly disposed of at the city dumpsite at Brgy. Balatas. These are color-coded to indicate the type of wastes such as hazardous and highly contaminated materials, sharp objects such as fluorescent bulbs are segregated and are properly contained before disposed of completely at a septic vault with a capacity of 100 cubic meters. An incinerator is also found in 1 government hospital where hospital wastes are burned.
Inventory of Hospitals
|Naga City Hospital||Penafrancia||29||Government|
|Bicol Medical Center||Concepcion Pequena||500||Government|
|Mother Seton Hospital||Concepcion Pequena||150||Private|
|St. John Hospital||Tinago||68||Private|
|Dr. Nilo Roa Memorial Hospital||San Francisco||30||Private|
Source: CPDO, 2010
Waste Disposal Equipment / Facilities. The city’s waste disposal equipment facility with a total of 22 units is composed of dump trucks, payloaders, bulldozers and backhoe all of which are maintained by the city’s Motor pool Division.
Inventory of waste disposal equipment facilities
|Type of unit||No.||Capacity per truck||Frequency of collection per day||General condition|
|Dump Truck||10 units||8 cu. m.||3 to 4 trips per truck||Running Condition|
Source: City ENRO, 2008
Solid Waste Management Budget. The city allots PhP42 million per annum for its SWM programs, roughly 8% of its 2010 budget. Its investment on the Citywide MRF was PhP12 million, with annual labor cost of PhP3.7 for members of the Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) cooperative. The balance covers the maintenance and operating expenses of the city’s waste disposal unit.
Solid Waste Management Board. The City Solid Waste Management Board created under City Ordinance No. 2001-073 followed by the organization of the Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee (BSWMC) is in place in compliance with Republic Act No. 9003. The Board’s main task is to prepare and implement the SWM plans and programs while the BSWMC is tasked to prepare and implement a program supportive of the City’s goal. BSWMC implements segregation at source, recovery of recyclable materials at households and barangay level.
Barangays and Population Served by the System
The acquisition of additional dumptrucks for garbage collection enabled the city ENRO to expand its operation and a system of separate collection for the segregated waste had been formulated where biodegradable wastes are picked up on specific days, and the non-biodegradable wastes on separate days. The route and frequency of pick-ups are dependent on the volume of wastes generated in specific areas.
In terms of waste disposal practices note that 85% percent of household garbage are picked-up by the city’s garbage trucks which ply major barangays in the city and 15% percent are disposed of by composting and or by burning .
Before, out of the city’s 27 barangays, only one Concepcion Pequeña manages its own garbage collection. Today, there are now 3 that have their own garbage trucks for local area collection. The rest are served by regular coverage including the two upper barangays of San Isidro and Panicuason whose waste collection is from once a week to 3 to 4 times a week now. The whole coverage area has a combined population of 160,516 as of 2007. The rate of household served increased from 85% to 93% as of 2009.
Management Strategy for Balatas Dumpsite
The open dumpsite located at Barangay Balatas has long been utilized since 1960. A controlled engineered landfill was introduced in 2001 as an attempt to convert an uncontrollable dumpsite into a controlled one through:
o Strict monitoring of dumping activities;
o assignment of a permanent bulldozer to level newly-dumped garbage;
o weekly spraying of organic microbes called EM (Enhanced Microbes), used to enhance organic matter and to control leacheate;
o banning of burning;
o banning scavengers – the city government instead organized the scavengers into a cooperative to regulate them and totally ban the children from scavenging;
o construction of a perimeter road inside the dumpsite to facilitate easy maneuver of trucks, and
o construction and operationalization of a Central Materials Recovery Facility in the City.
Recently, utilization of the facility has reached full capacity, underscoring the need for developing a new sanitary landfill and/or implementing newer and more efficient waste disposal technology. Efforts on the former have been pursued to set up a sanitary landfill in Carangcang, Magarao. But this recently suffered a setback after a leadership opposed to the project took over the Magarao local government unit in the May 2010 elections.
Negotiations are also ongoing to convert the existing Balatas dumpsite into a waste-to-energy facility with foreign environmental companies.
The waterworks system run by MNWD supplies much of Naga City and its four neighboring towns of Canaman, Camaligan, Gainza and Magarao. Its main source of water comes from 3 springs located in Pili, Camarines Sur—the Anayan, Kalinisan and Rumangrap springs—and 21 deep well pumping stations located in Almeda, Canaman, Capilihan, Cararayan, Carangcang, Carolina, Del Rosario, Magdalena, Pacol, Panicuason, Prieto, San Agustin, San Felipe, San Isidro, Sta. Lucia and Villa Sorabella.
The MNWD water system has a total of 32,769 active connections with an average monthly increase of 153.25 new connections every month. The average daily consumption of residential, commercial and government users are 24.51, 54.55 and 110.62 cu. m. respectively. On the other hand, systems loss mainly due to pilferage and illegal connections, is estimated at 24.42% of the daily production.
The 24-hour capacity of the two springs located in Pili, Camarines Sur is measured at 145 lps for the Rumangrap Spring, 58 lps for Anayan Spring and 15 lps for the Kalinisan Spring.
On the other hand, the city government’s own Task Force Tubig (TFT), installs Levels I and II water system in key areas of the city.
A recent study by CARE, Philippines however has revised concerns about the over-extraction of ground water resources in Naga, threatening the long-term sustainability of this precious resource.
Bayantel and DIGITEL are the two major telecommunication companies that provide basic and advanced telecommunication services in the city. Their combined subscriber base of almost 11,500 subscribers has pushed the city’s fixed line telephone density to one for every three households.
The entry of the wireless telecommunication companies led by Smart, Globe and Sun Cellular has accelerated growth of the local telecommunication industry. Per research survey conducted by the Ateneo Social Research Center (ASSRC) last 2007, Naguenos have had greater access to cellular phones than landline. On the average, Nagueño households have around two or more mobile phones each.
Computer linkages and network through the internet have connected the city to the worldwide web. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) offering broadband services include Smart, Globe, Bayantel, DIGITEL, Sun Cellular, Sky Cable and Caceres Cable. Cybercafes offering internet services and games has also been mushrooming in the city contributing to greater access by Naguenos and visitors.
Some commercial establishments even offer free wi-fi internet connections for their customers and clients as an added come-on.
Broadcast media in Naga has continued to grow in a span of a decade. These are mainly provided by 20 AM and FM radio stations, and three local television stations, ABS-CBN TV 11, PTV-8 and PBN-5. Also, two cable TV companies, Skycable and Caceres Cable provide up-to-date news, relevant information and entertainment to Nagueños.
National dailies and local weekly newspapers are also available in Naga.
Postal services in the city are provided by the Philippine Postal Corporation (Phil-Post) whose 42 staff and personnel handle a monthly average of 42,560 out-going and 742 in-coming mails and packages, and 2,000 printed matters (foreign and domestic). Complementing this is a mailing station located at E-Mall along Penafrancia Avenue. Meanwhile, seven messengerial offices are available in Naga, namely, JRS Express, LBC Air Cargo, DHL, Daily Overland Express, FedEx Cargo and Aboitiz Air Cargo.
Recently, the advent of internet-based technology, like Yahoo, Hotmail, MSN, Skype, Yahoo Messenger, Facebook, Twitter, Friendster, and other social networking sites have affected these traditional services.